An original work of art is the source from which all copies, reproductions, or translations are
made. It is the physical piece of artwork which was created from the hand of the artist.
Limited edition (LE):
A limited edition print is one in which a limit is placed on
the number of impressions pulled in order to create a scarcity
of the print. Limited editions are usually numbered and are
Open edition (OE):
A series of artwork in an art edition that has an unlimited
number of copies. Can be signed or unsigned, but not numbered.
Artist’s proofs (AP):
Traditionally, when limited editions
are published by a gallery, the edition is sold exclusively
by the gallery. However, the artist is given a small number
of prints for his own personal use, usually 10% of the number
of limited editions. Thus, this edition is labeled "Artist's Proofs" (A/P).
Remarqué limited edition prints
have an original small hand-drawn sketch or painting by the
artist in the margin, usually positioned next to the signature
or edition number. This feature increases the value of the
Prints taken from a drawing done from a polished limestone
or zinc or aluminum plate. The drawing is done with greasy
crayons, pens, or pencils. A solution containing gum arabic
and dilute nitric acid is washed on the stone (or plate).
This solution fixes the design in place. The entire plate
surface is washed with water and then inked. Print paper
is applied and sent through a press, transferring the image
of the stone (or plate) to the paper.
Four-color lithographic print from an offset press. Can be
an open edition, limited edition or poster. Lithographic
technique in which ink is transferred from a plate to a rubber
roller, and then on to paper.
Giclee (zhee-klay) - The French word "giclée" means
a spray of liquid. The term "giclée print" connotes
an elevation in printmaking technology. Images are high resolution
digital scans printed with archival quality inks onto various
substrates including canvas, fine art, and photo-base paper.
The giclée printing process provides better color accuracy
than other means of reproduction. As for quality, the giclée
print now rivals many traditional silver-halide and gelatin
printing processes and is commonly found in museums, art galleries,
and photographic galleries. These digital images will not deteriorate
in quality such as negatives and film because the information
is archived digitally. Giclée prints are created typically
using high-end 8-Color to 12-Color ink-jet printers.
A silk screen printing process using stencils adhered to silk
or nylon mesh through which ink is pushed by a squeegee.
The ink is laid down in a separate layer for each color.
Some serigraphs have many layers, while others have only
a few. Some inks are transparent, others opaque, resulting
in very different effects.
Canvas Prints: (CV) & (HE)
Owning a canvas print or canvas transfer may be the next best thing to owning an original work of art. Many of the canvas prints on the market today qualify as true reproductions because they were produced directly on canvas either with offset lithography or digital printing (description follows).
Canvas transfers are the result of technology that has been around for about three decades, but only became commercially acceptable in the 1990's. In a nutshell, through the use of several chemicals, the ink on a limited-edition offset reproduction is literally transferred to the canvas. The result is a reproduction with a lustrous finish like oil on canvas.
Canvas transfers have been recognized over the past decade as an elegant alternative to glass framed lithograph images. Canvas transfers give the look and texture of an original oil painting to paper art by simply transferring color onto an artist canvas. First, a lithograph on paper is coated with acrylic emulsion containing the highest recommended amount of UV inhibitors. Then when the acrylic is dry, the print is covered with a solution that helps to separate the image from the paper it was printed on. The image is now bonded to the acrylic and free of paper. This film is then carefully bonded to the highest quality wrap-around artist canvas. Finally, the image undergoes a series of rigorous inspections that insure our work is of superior quality. The result is a beautifully unique reproduction that maintains the integrity of the lithograph while increasing its appeal and value.
Canvas images score other bonus points with collectors as well. For one thing, artists can hand-embellish (HE) canvas prints by adding oil or acrylic paint highlights. Another factor is that canvas prints and transfers can be framed like originals because they don’t need to be covered with protective glazing.